"The Park Foundation's approach to making a difference in the world is holistic. Whether we are investing in social change, or the market, we will remain mindful that money is a means, and not an end unto itself. As a foundation, our true bottom line is the good we do in the world. The very same values and ideals that guide our disbursement of funds to the programs that we support should also guide the management of our foundation's capital assets." – Adelaide P. Gomer, President of Board of Trustees, Park Foundation
Mission Related Investing
Mission Related Investing (MRI) is the term used to describe a number of different ways in which a foundation can utilize its investment portfolio, or endowment, to advance its philanthropic mission. From 2011-2015 Park Foundation awarded an average of 7.3% of the value of its portfolio as grants, as compared to the 5% minimum required by the IRS. In the Foundation’s desire to effectively utilize the other 93% of its assets to advance our mission, it has undertaken the following Mission Related Investing activities:
Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Screening of the Foundation’s Investment Portfolio
In 2011 the Foundation established an ESG Investment Policy that currently includes guidelines on investments in thirteen categories. These guidelines serve to advise our investment advisors and fund managers on how to evaluate certain ESG risks in our portfolio. Categories screened include:
|Environment (including the Carbon Underground 200)||Employee Relations||Product Liability and Corporate Governance|
|Animal Testing||Nuclear and Conventional Weapons||Nuclear Power|
|Hydraulic Fracturing||Fossil Fuel Industry|
The Foundation's current ESG policy is at: Park Foundation - Revised ESG Policy Statement -March 2017
Since 2012 when the current screening policy was initiated the Foundation has met or exceeded its benchmark targets for portfolio income performance:
|Year||Park Actual||Park Benchmark||Private Foundation National Average*|
*Council on Foundations survey of private foundations with assets between $101 and $500 million.
The Foundation actively votes its proxies along Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) Socially Responsible criteria. All of the Foundation’s fund managers are required to utilize these guidelines in voting our shares of publicly held corporations.
Since 2011 Park Foundation has, working though intermediaries, offered its holdings for filing or co-filing shareholder resolutions on issues of priority to the Foundation. In 2016 the Foundation is participating in seven resolutions, primarily around environmental and community impacts and investment risk from natural gas hydrofracking, stranded carbon asset risk, requesting reports on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and media. To conduct these resolutions with holdings that would otherwise be excluded from the portfolio, the Foundation maintains a separate Shareholder Action Account where it retains stocks at low value (less than $10,000) to be used for executing resolutions. This account holds approximately 34 stocks that are primarily oil and gas, agriculture and media companies.
Park Foundation was one of the original 17 signatories to the 2014 Divest/Invest Philanthropy Initiative that encouraged foundations to divest themselves of carbon stocks, and commit themselves to “climate solutions” investments. Park Foundation has, with the exception of holdings in the Shareholder Action Account described above, eliminated the “Carbon Underground 200” stocks from its portfolio. The Foundation has conservatively estimated that climate solutions investments constitute approximately 15% of its current portfolio.
Park Foundation Portfolio Carbon Footprint (June 2017)
In 2017, the Foundation estimated the carbon footprint of its equity portfolio. The carbon footprint was calculated using the Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions for each company, per company reported data or per MSCI estimations. The portion of the carbon footprint of a company attributed to the investment portfolio was proportional to the percentage of the company owned by the Foundation. A high portfolio carbon footprint relative to an appropriate benchmark can point to the presence of companies that generate significant greenhouse gases.
According to an analysis conducted in April 2017, the carbon footprint of Park Foundation’s public equity holdings was approximately 12% of the MSCI ACWI Benchmark. Equity positions held for shareholder action or with missing emissions data on MSCI, were excluded from the analysis. In addition, a few equity funds were also excluded. The full report on the Foundation’s carbon footprint analysis is located at Carbon Footprint Publication.
Program Related Investments (PRIs)
PRIs are loans that the Foundation makes to organizations that align with the Foundation’s mission. Chief characteristics of PRIs are that they must advance the philanthropic mission of the lender and they must be at below market interest rates. The Foundation’s PRI program was initiated in 2010 with the restriction that total lending not exceed 1% of the total portfolio value, and that PRIs be focused locally in Tompkins County, NY. As of March 31, 2017 PRI commitments totaled $3.3 million dollars. The Park Foundation’s PRI roster includes:
|Alternatives Federal Credit Union (2010)||Secondary capital|
|Ithaca Neighborhood Housing Services (2010)||Green affordable housing loan fund|
|Alternatives Federal Credit Union (2012)||Residential energy efficiency loan fund|
|Tompkins County Area Development (2012)||Sustainable business loan fund|
|RSF Finance (2012)||Regional Access food distributor loan guarantee|
|State Theatre (2014)||Restroom renovations|
|TCAction (2014)||Head Start Program building renovation/expansion|
|Finger Lakes ReUse (2014)||Transition to new material reuse facility|
|Ithaca Carshare (2015)||Vehicle Purchase Fund|
|TCAction (2016)||Head Start Classrooms construction|
|Challenge Industries (2017)||Cash flow reserve|
|Finger Lakes Land Trust (2017)||Land acquisition|
A report on the Foundation's first five years of PRIs is located at: Park Foundation - Five Years of Program Related Investments
Wherever possible the Foundation invests locally. It maintains credit card accounts with the local community bank and operating checking accounts with an Ithaca-based regional bank. The Foundation’s PRI commitments and other local investments total in excess of $6 million.
The Foundation’s working definition of impact investing is when we actively seek opportunities to invest in companies that advance environmental solutions. Our primary focus is on water stewardship. It actively screens investments along water guidelines (see Water section of ESG Policy Park Foundation - Park Foundation - Revised ESG Policy Statement -March 2017). As part of the development of this aspect of its portfolio, it has produced a paper on water risk entitled "Park Foundation Water Risk Report 2015".
Periodically the Foundation produces publications on its work. The following publications are available:
Mission Related Investing
- Improving the Planet and Walking the Talk: Park Foundation’s Engagement with Mission-Related Investing - Park Foundation (2014)
- Park Foundation - Revised ESG Policy Statement (March 2017)
- Park Foundation - Five Years of Program Related Investments (2015) Roberta Norman
- Park Foundation Water Risk Report (2015) Dan Apfel and Jon M. Jensen
- Park Foundation Portfolio Carbon Footprint (June 2017)
To complement its grantmaking mission to address environmental issues, Park Foundation has a strong commitment to “walking the talk” - seeking the highest level of sustainability in its operations and activities. Central to this goal is green certification of its offices and practices. In 2014 the Foundation moved to newly designed office space in downtown Ithaca. As part of the office move, the Foundation donated 103 pieces of furniture to 12 different nonprofit organizations in Ithaca. Over 80 boxes of grant records were digitized, shredded and recycled. A short video (by David Stearn a Senior in Journalism at Ithaca College) on the Greening of the office can be found at; Office Greening video . In designing the new office and its operations, Park Foundation was guided by two certification programs:
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) ®
As part of its design and construction of new office spaces, in 2017 the Foundation is was awarded LEED Platinum 2.0 certification under the LEED Commercial Interiors (LEED –CI) category that allows certification of office spaces within buildings that are not LEED-certified overall. Significant elements of LEED CI certification include:
- High efficiency heating and air conditioning systems
- Commissioning of those systems
- Occupancy sensor heating and lighting
- Nontoxic materials in carpeting, finishes and furniture
- Energy Star appliances
- Natural lighting
- Construction waste minimization
- Alternative transportation, bicycle storage and changing rooms
- Green power
- Regional and renewable materials
- Certified wood
Green Plus is a certification process that helps an organization develop sustainable operations, policies and processes. Green Plus breaks its overall certification into the subcategories of Performance, Planet and People. The Foundation received Green Plus certification in 2015. Significant elements include:
- Planning and documentation
- Sustainable purchasing
- Financial practices
- Human resources
- Sustainability management
- Community engagement
- Raising awareness
- Waste reduction
A summary of the Foundation’s Green Plus score and final report (PDF Download) The Green Plus certification process was assisted by interns Shea O’Meara of Ithaca College and Maegan Krieger of Cornell University. HOLT Architects of Ithaca, NY led the LEED certification process with Foundation assistance by Maegan Krieger.
Park Foundation offsets its travel-related carbon emissions by calculating staff and Trustee work-related travel, including staff commuting. In 2016 this totaled 23.9 tons for $594.00. Offsets are calculated and an annual contribution is made to Sustainable Tompkins Finger Lakes Climate Fund. Proceeds from this fund assist low-income families in Tompkins County in conducting energy efficiency retrofits to their homes.